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此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本，以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。
下載最新版本的 Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) 資源，或資源詮釋資料的 EML 或 RTF 文字檔。
Friedman K, Pakoa K, Tardy E, Lasi F (2018): SPC PROCFish/C Invertebrates Observations Tonga 2002 to 2006. v1.2. The Pacific Community (SPC). Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.sprep.org/resource?r=spc_procfish_invertebrates_tonga_2002_2006&v=1.2
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 The Pacific Community (SPC)。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
此資源已向GBIF註冊，並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 616e9271-ec06-4df4-99b7-d85a13d841db。 The Pacific Community (SPC) 發佈此資源，並經由Participant Node Managers Committee同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。
Occurrence; Observation; SPC; PROCFish/C; CoFish; Marine invertebrates
|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [-21.138, -175.333], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-21.021, -174.998]|
|起始日期 / 結束日期||2002-08-06 / 2006-09-08|
The Pacific Regional Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (CoFish) and its associated programme PROCFish/C (the coastal component of the Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme) conducted fieldwork in 63 sites across 17 Pacific Island countries and territories over a seven-year period from 2002 to 2009.
|計畫名稱||Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (PROCFish/C)|
|經費來源||Funded by the European Union for the implementation of the Pacific Regional Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (CoFish), which ran from 1 May 2004 to 31 December 2009 under funding from the ninth European Development Fund (EDF 9), and the coastal component of the Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (PROCFish/C), which ran from 1 March 2002 to 28 February 2009 under funding from the eighth European Development Fund (EDF 8). Data prepared and published under project "Capacity building and data mobilization for conservation and decision making in the South Pacific" - BID-PA2016-0002-REG|
|研究設計描述||The aim of the survey work was to provide baseline information on the status of reef fisheries, and to help fill the massive information gap that hinders the effective management of reef fisheries.|
Diversity and abundance of invertebrate species were determined using a range of survey techniques, including broad-scale assessment (using the manta-tow technique) and finer-scale assessment of specific reef and benthic habitats. Broad-scale assessments were used to record large sedentary invertebrates; transects were 300 m long × 2 m wide, across inshore, midshore and more exposed oceanic habitats. Fine-scale assessments were conducted in target areas (areas with naturally higher abundance and/or the most suitable habitat) to specifically describe resource status. Fine-scale assessments were conducted of both reef (hard-bottom) and sandy (soft-bottom) areas to assess the range, size, and condition of invertebrate species present and to determine the nature and condition of the habitat with greater accuracy. These assessments were conducted using 40 m transects (1 m wide swathe, six replicates per station) recording most epi-benthic resources (those living on the bottom) and potential indicator species. For trochus and bêche-de-mer fisheries, searches to assess aggregations were made in the surf zone along exposed reef edges. On occasion, when time and conditions allowed, dives to 25–35 m were made to determine the availability of deeper-water sea cucumber populations. Night searches were conducted on inshore reefs to assess nocturnal sea cucumber species See http://purl.org/spc/digilib/doc/pfj5w
|品質控管||Stations without positions have been excluded. Surveys targeting specific resources (trochus/sea cucumber) are excluded from this dataset|
- Multiple observations for the same species aggregated by replicate. For replicates with a start and end positions (manta tow), the position provided is the middle point.
- Friedman K.J., Pinca S., Boblin P., Magron F., Vunisea A., Labrosse P., Chapman L.B., Kronen M. 2009. Tonga country report: profiles and results from survey work at Ha'atafu, Manuka, Koulo and Lofanga (November and December 2001; March to June 2002; April to June, September and October 2008). Pacific Regional Oceanic and Coastal Fisheries Development Programme (PROCFish/C/CoFish). Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). xxxii, 369 p. http://purl.org/spc/digilib/doc/aanoa
- Pakoa K., Friedman K., Moore B., Tardy E., Bertram I. 2014. Assessing Tropical Marine Invertebrates: a manual for Pacific island resource managers. Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community. 118 p. http://purl.org/spc/digilib/doc/pfj5w